Occupational Health and Safety

Occupational Health and Safety

Each day, over 145 million workers in the U.S. — and several billion individuals around the globe — face the risk of work-related injuries and illnesses that can cause serious immediate or long-term health problems. Members of the Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Section are individuals involved in preventing work-related injuries, illnesses, disabilities and deaths through research, training, treatment, advocacy and policy-making.

Our Section is one of the oldest within APHA, advocating for the health, safety, and well-being of workers, families, communities, and the environment since 1914. We have 700+ members, representing a multitude of disciplines from medicine, nursing, and industrial hygiene to epidemiology, environmental health, statistics, community organizing, teaching, history, law and journalism.

The Section provides leadership and expertise on occupational health matters, recognizing the intrinsic link between the work environment, and the health and safety of families, communities and the environment at large.

To join APHA and become part of the OHS Section, go to http://apha.org/membership.

Who Are We

From The American Public Health Association website

  • Are you working to improve health and safety conditions in the workplace?

  • Have you or has anyone you know ever suffered from job-related illness or injury?

  • Are you concerned with workplace reproductive hazards, ergonomics, child labor, hazardous chemicals, lead, noise, stress, workplace violence and international occupational health issues?

  • Are you interested in OSHA reform, workers’ compensation and safe staffing regulations?

If you can answer “yes” to any of the these questions, membership in the Occupational Health and Safety Section will interest you! APHA gives us a voice in national and global debates on issues that impact the health of workers, our population and our planet.

Our Section is multidisciplinary.
• Our members include occupational health specialists, occupational physicians, union organizers, occupational and industrial hygienists, safety professionals, nurses, educators, administrators, epidemiologists and attorneys.
We help determine APHA’s occupational health and safety policies and priorities.
• Through Section-developed resolutions and position papers, our members have a voice in directly and indirectly influencing national public health policy.
• Recent Section-initiated resolutions have addressed risks related to lead exposure, occupational transmission of HIV, surveillance of occupational disease and injury, child labor, ergonomics, job stress and workers’ compensation.
• We provide input concerning scientific and technical developments involving Section activities and expertise.
We plan and coordinate Section activities and events at the APHA Annual Meeting.
• Each year, the Section sponsors and co-sponsors about 40 sessions and forums at the Annual Meeting.
We have a long and storied history of fighting for the health and safety of workers.
• The Section recently celebrated its 100th anniversary! To see a timeline of our Section and its accomplishments click here: APHA OHS History Timeline

Description and Timeline

Occupational Health and Safety Section Launches Web History Timeline

In recognition of the 100th anniversary of the Occupational Health Section (OHS) of theAmerican Public Health Association (APHA), The OHS 100th Anniversary Committee humbly presents the OHS History Timeline. This timeline is a work in progress. It is intended to be an evolving and iterative project.

Click HERE: APHA OHS History Timeline

See www.ohshistory.org for full timeline

Timeline of OSHA’s 40 Year History

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration was established in 1971. Since then, OSHA and our state partners, coupled with the efforts of employers, safety and health professionals, unions and advocates, have had a dramatic effect on workplace safety. Fatality and injury rates have dropped markedly. Although accurate statistics were not kept at the time, it is estimated that in 1970 around 14,000 workers were killed on the job. That number fell to approximately 4,340 in 2009. At the same time, U.S. employment has almost doubled and now includes over 130 million workers at more than 7.2 million worksites. Since the passage of the OSH Act, the rate of reported serious workplace injuries and illnesses has declined from 11 per 100 workers in 1972 to 3.6 per 100 workers in 2009. OSHA safety and health standards, including those for trenching, machine guarding, asbestos, benzene, lead, and bloodborne pathogens have prevented countless work-related injuries, illnesses and deaths. This timeline highlights key milestones in occupational safety and health history since the creation
of OSHA.

credit: https://www.osha.gov/osha40/timeline.html

Background

National Archives Workplace Rights

The National Archives is a great place to find out the story of Workplace Rights through
1965. The other categories offer rich background and other fundamental aspects of rights of central interest to the mission of APHA. ( http://www.archives.gov/museum/visit/)
Under “Visit Us” click David Rubenstein Gallery and scroll down and click the Records of Rights small graphic box – you will see that it takes you off the Archives to a screen where you click the Records of Rights link:

http://recordsofrights.org/

That will take you to the screen with a drop down menu where you can click on Equal Rights; Rights to Freedom and Justice; Rights to Privacy and Sexuality; Workplace Rights; First Amendment Rights, and Rights of Native Americans.

rights
When you click on any of the links in the drop down menu it will take you to the sliding timeline presentation or you can follow these links directly:
http://recordsofrights.org/themes/2/first-amendment-rights
http://recordsofrights.org/themes/1/equal-rights
http://recordsofrights.org/themes/3/rights-to-freedom-and-justice
http://recordsofrights.org/themes/5/rights-to-privacy-and-sexuality
http://recordsofrights.org/themes/6/workplace-rights
http://recordsofrights.org/themes/4/rights-of-native-americans
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The Occupational Health and Safety Section Celebrated it’s 100th Birthday at the APHA Annual Meeting in 2014. It was quite an event and be sure to listen to Jay Glasser’s Intro and slideshow and David Rosner’s talk and slideshow below.

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HISTORY PROJECT UPDATE: Occupational Health and Safety
Section at 100 Years Old

HSjglasserby Jay Glasser, PhD MS FFPH

Happy Birthday to OHS at 100!! And you know, it really is a great privilege – you know – a birthday is like a memo to ourselves about where we’ve been and what we’ve been, and so it’s in the spirit of the APHA History Project that we wanted to engage peole and this is a great opportunity and I can only congratulate OHS for all its originality and as you were saying, Rebecca, energy translated into activity and purpose. So it’s fitting incidentally that we had adopted Rosie the Riveter as our icon. At the National Archives in Washington, the place where the Constitution and the Bill of Rights live, they say that Rosie is the most popular icon that they’ve ever had. And I though it was so fitting again, to what that symbolizes as far as rights and workplace and what it evokes and I think that’s part of the project… is how can we invoke history to what this section does, what APHA does and what is this amazing amalgam that’s always having heavy weather.
Watch the slideshow above to hear more of this talk.

david-rosnerReflections on a Century of Occupational Health & Safety

by David Rosner, PhD
Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health

I am absolutely honored to be talking with you today. As I said the other day, this is a very very very intimidating moment for a historian. I’m looking at the audience and I’m saying, “What am I doing here today telling you about your history?” I mean I look upon the group here and it is clearly living history. Also the present, I look around this audience and I see people I have such respect for, and I feel a little bit humbled and a little bit absurd telling you about it. I think you know some of the formal history that was outlined by David Michaels and after your staff meeting the other day you heard Dave Cuttleshuck give a very nice outline of the transformation of our section over the course of the past 100 years. He outlined very nicely the changing demographics of our section; who’s in it now; what they believed then and what has happened in between. To hear the rest of this talk, watch the slide show:

Media Gallery

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This poster was produced in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the APHA Occupational Health and Safety Section.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commentary

Graham Rogers argues the importance of Industrial Hygiene
in AJPH in 1913

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Item Below is from American Journal of Public Health (AJPH) 1914 – ESTABLISHING THE SECTION

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